SLP

Clinical Lesson Plans

Language Stages

Mobile Lesson Plans

Using Prepositions to Show Position

Learn to use the prepositions “in” and “on”

Save or Print Lesson Plan

A pdf version of the lesson plan can be printed or saved on a PC or tablet. Supplemental Materials (Books and Smart Charts) for this lesson are listed below and are saved or printed separately. Smart Charts provide Unity icons for each lesson to assist with modeling target words.

Expected Outcome

The person will use two to three word utterances that include prepositions to show position.

Purpose

To introduce the prepositions “in” and “on” and how they show position.

Vocabulary

  • book
  • fire truck
  • fish bowl
  • garage
  • glass
  • hat
  • head
  • in
  • mountain
  • on
  • plate
  • shovel
  • table
  • toaster
  • water

Language Skill

production of two to three word utterances

Objectives

  • The person will say the word “in” to indicate that someone or something is inside of something.
  • The person will say the word “on” to indicate that someone or something is on something else.
  • The person will say “on” plus another word to tell where the thing is.
  • The person will say “in” plus another word to tell where the thing is.
  • The person will write phrases containing “in” to label where something is.
  • The person will write phrases containing “on” to label where something is.

Activities

Speaking

  • Model the use of “in” and “on” with items in your therapy setting. Use toys that are similar to the ones in the target vocabulary list. This will allow the person to see an example both on the screen and in person.
  • Ask questions that can be answered with “in” and “on” phrases. If the person is not able to answer right away, wait, and then model and prompt the correct answer.

Reading

  • Find a book that uses some of the target words. Read the book with each other and allow the person to say the target word with their device.
  • Read the first half of the PowerPoint to the person. During the second half allow the person to say “in ________” or “on __________” using their device to correctly answer the question. During the first part of the PowerPoint you may also want to stop reading when you reach a target word and allow them to say the word on their device.

Writing

  • Connect the device to a computer with a USB cable or Blue Tooth module. Let the person practice writing their target words into a word document.
  • Do the same activity with the PowerPoint, only this time allow them write the target words on the computer. Make the font as large as you need to for the person to see. Print out these words. Send them home as a note, or post on a class bulletin board!

Generalization

  • Model and teach other prepositions that show position, such as “under” and “beside”.
  • Speak phrases like “hat on head” and “shoes on feet” when helping the person get dressed. Model on the device.
  • Speak phrases like “put in box” and “get in car” while doing every day or play activities. Model and teach with the device.
  • Play a game with a suitcase or sport bag of clothing. Take out an item and ask the person, “Should I put this on, or put it back in the bag?” Accept short answers like “put in” or “put on” Model and prompt if needed. Let the person say a name to tell another person to put on the item. “Mom put on” or “Mom put on hat”. The length of the phrase depends on the person’s ability.
  • Parent Link Use for homework or to reinforce what was done in therapy.

Supplemental Materials

Books

Common Core Standards

Below are references to the Common Core Standards organized by grade level and associated with the goals and objectives of this lesson plan. When considering which standards to target in your lessons with students, begin by looking at the standards at your student’s grade level. You may need to refer to that same standard at a lower grade level to adapt your lesson to best meet the needs of your student.

Kindergarten

  • K.RIT.1

    Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

  • K.RIT.4

    Ask and answer question to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text.

  • K.SL.6

    Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings and ideas clearly.

  • K.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • K.L.4b

    Use the most frequently occurring inflections and affixes (e.g. -ed. -s, re-, un-, pre-, -ful, -less) as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word.

  • K.W.2

    Use a combination of drawing, dictating and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.

  • K.W.6

    With guidance and support from adults, explore a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.

1st Grade

  • 1.RIT.2

    Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

  • 1.SL.6

    Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation.

  • 1.W.6

    With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.

  • 1.W.8

    With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

2nd Grade

  • 2.L.6

    Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe.

  • 2.W.6

    With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.

3rd Grade

  • 3.L.1e

    Form and use the simple verb tenses.

  • 3.W.6

    With guidance and support from adults, use technology to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others.

4th Grade

  • 4.W.6

    With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type and minimum of one page in a single sitting.

  • 4.W.10

    Write routinely overextended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of descipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

5th Grade

  • 5.SL.6

    Adapt speech to a variety of context and tasks, using formal English when appropriate to task and situation.

  • 5.L.1c

    Use verb tense to convey various times, sequences, states and conditions.

  • 5.W.6

    With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of two pages in a single setting.

  • 5.W.10

    Write routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

6th Grade

  • 6.SL.2

    Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats and explain how it contributes to a topic, text or issue under study.

  • 6.SL.6

    Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

  • 6.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • 6.L.3

    Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading or listening.

  • 6.W.3

    Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details and well-structured event sequences.

  • 6.W.4

    Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization and style are appropriate to task, purpose and audience.

  • 6.W.5

    With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting or trying a new approach.

  • 6.HSS.2

    Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

  • 6.HSS.4

    Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical contest relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.

7th Grade

  • 7.SL.6

    Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

  • 7.SL.4

    Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume and clear pronunciation.

  • 7.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • 7.L.6

    Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension and expression.

  • 7.W.6

    Use technology, including the internet to produce and publish writing and link to and cite sources as well as interact and collaborate with others, including linking to and citing sources.

  • 7.W.10

    Write routinely overextended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

8th Grade

  • 8.SL.5

    Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add interest.

  • 8.SL.6

    Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

  • 8.L.1b

    Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.

  • 8.L.3a

    Use verbs in the active and passive voice and in the conditional and subjunctive mood to achieve particular effects.

  • 8.W.3

    Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.

  • 8.W.6

    Use technology, including the internet, to produce an publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas efficiently as well as to interact and collaborate with others.

  • 8.W.10

    Write routinely overextended time frames and shorter time frames.

Grades 9 and 10

  • 9.10.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • 9.10.L.3

    Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

  • 9.10.L.6

    Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

  • 9.10.W.2

    Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection organization and analysis of content.

  • 9.10.W.3

    Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.

  • 9.10.W.6

    Use technology, including the internet to produce, publish and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology’s capacity to link to other information and to display information flexibly and dynamically.

  • 9.10.W.10

    Write routinely overextended time frames and shorter time frames.

  • 9.10.ST.7

    Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form and translate information expressed visually or mathematically into words.

  • 9.10.HSS.4

    Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social science.

Grades 11 and 12

  • 11.12.SL.6

    Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating a command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

  • 11.12.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • 11.12.L.3

    Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

  • 11.12.L.4

    Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 11-12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

  • 11.12.L.6

    Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

  • 11.12.W.2

    Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization and analysis of content.

  • 11.12.W.3

    Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.

  • 11.12.W.6

    Use technology, including the internet to produce, publish and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology’s capacity to link to other information and to display information flexibly and dynamically.

  • 11.12.W.10

    Write routinely overextended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of tasks, purposes and audiences.

  • 11.12.ST.2

    Determine the central ideas of conclusions of a text, summarize complex concepts, processes or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms.

  • 11.12.ST.4

    Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.

  • 11.12.HSS.4

    Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including analyzing how an author uses and refines the meaning of a key term over the course of a text.