SLP

Clinical Lesson Plans

Language Stages

Mobile Lesson Plans

Directing Actions

Learn the most important words to use for directing and requesting during favorite activities

Save or Print Lesson Plan

A pdf version of the lesson plan can be printed or saved on a PC or tablet. Supplemental Materials (Books and Smart Charts) for this lesson are listed below and are saved or printed separately. Smart Charts provide Unity icons for each lesson to assist with modeling target words.

Expected Outcome

The person will use one word utterances to direct the course of an activity.

Purpose

To encourage the person to direct the behavior of others in the course of any activity with words instead of behavior.

Vocabulary

  • all done
  • help
  • more
  • stop
  • go

Language Skill

Producing one word utterances

Objectives

  • The person will say “all done” to show that something is finished.
  • The person will direct another person’s actions by saying the word “go”.
  • The person will say the word “help” to request help.
  • The person will say the word “more” to request more of something, or a continuation of an action.
  • The person will say the word “stop” to command someone else to stop something.
  • The person will say the word “stop” or “all done” to indicate that he is finished with an activity.
  • The communication partner will model each word.
  • The communication partner will model two or three word phrases containing each word.

Activities

Speaking

  • If the person acts bored, or indicates wanting to complete what you are doing, model the use of “stop” or “all done”.
  • When playing with cars and trucks on the floor, model “go” and “stop”. Make the toy cars go and stop after you say the words with the device.
  • Watch for times when the person needs help. Model “help” on the device. Encourage the person to ask for help with the device
  • Print out and assemble the Core Spinner. You can use this game any way you would like. One example is to have the person spin the spinner and then find the word on their device.

Reading

  • Read a book with target words such as go, stop, more, help. Let the person write these words on the computer. Make the font as large as you need to for the person to see. Print out the words. Send them home as a note, or post on a class bulletin board.

Writing

  • Connect the device to a computer with a USB cable or blue tooth module. Let the person practice writing their target words into a word document.

Generalization

  • Include these words and suggested objectives into any activity. Choose the person’s favorites, for example: stories, music, arts and crafts, role playing or dress-up.
  • Provide materials for an activity, but put up barriers or obstacles. Model the use of “help”.
  • Provide only small amounts of something for the activity. Model the use of the word “more”.
  • Complete the activity. Model the use of “more” to indicate wanting to continue with the same type of activity. Model the use of “stop” or “all done” to indicate ending the activity.
  • Remember that the person may be a motor learner, not depending on the metaphors associated with the icons. Lots of practice will establish automatic motor patterns for these beginning words. -Print out the “I Have, Who Has” cards. You can play this game with a small group of students. Give each student a card and have them use their talker to find out who has the other card. Depending on the skill level, a beginning device user can simply tell a partner what word they have. This is a fun way to introduce a device to a small group of peers. Not all students need to use a communication device.
  • Parent Link Use for homework or to reinforce what was done in therapy.

Supplemental Materials

Books

Games

Spanish Materials

Common Core Standards

Below are references to the Common Core Standards organized by grade level and associated with the goals and objectives of this lesson plan. When considering which standards to target in your lessons with students, begin by looking at the standards at your student’s grade level. You may need to refer to that same standard at a lower grade level to adapt your lesson to best meet the needs of your student.

Kindergarten

  • K.RIT.1

    Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

  • K.RIT.4

    Ask and answer question to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text.

  • K.SL.6

    Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings and ideas clearly.

  • K.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • K.L.1b

    Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs.

  • K.W.2

    Use a combination of drawing, dictating and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.

  • K.W.6

    With guidance and support from adults, explore a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.

  • 1.L.6

    Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using frequently occurring conjunctions to signal simple relationships.

1st Grade

  • 1.SL.4

    Describe people, places, things and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly.

  • 1.L.1b

    Use common, proper, and possessive nouns.

  • 1.W.6

    With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.

  • 1.W.8

    With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

2nd Grade

  • 2.SL.1

    Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

  • 2.L.6

    Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe.

  • 2.L.3

    Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading or listening.

  • 2.W.6

    With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.

3rd Grade

  • 3.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • 3.L.6

    Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate conversational, general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal spatial and temporal relationships.

  • 3.W.6

    With guidance and support from adults, use technology to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others.

4th Grade

  • 4.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • 4.L.3

    Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading or listening.

  • 4.W.6

    With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type and minimum of one page in a single sitting.

  • 4.W.10

    Write routinely overextended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of descipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

5th Grade

  • 5.SL.6

    Adapt speech to a variety of context and tasks, using formal English when appropriate to task and situation.

  • 5.L.6

    Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition and other logical relationships.

  • 5.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • 5.W.6

    With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of two pages in a single setting.

  • 5.W.10

    Write routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

6th Grade

  • 6.SL.2

    Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats and explain how it contributes to a topic, text or issue under study.

  • 6.SL.6

    Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

  • 6.L.6

    Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

  • 6.L.3

    Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading or listening.

  • 6.W.3

    Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details and well-structured event sequences.

  • 6.W.4

    Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization and style are appropriate to task, purpose and audience.

  • 6.W.5

    With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting or trying a new approach.

  • 6.HSS.2

    Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

  • 6.HSS.4

    Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical contest relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.

7th Grade

  • 7.SL.6

    Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

  • 7.SL.4

    Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume and clear pronunciation.

  • 7.L.6

    Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension and expression.

  • 7.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • 7.W.3

    Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.

  • 7.W.6

    Use technology, including the internet to produce and publish writing and link to and cite sources as well as interact and collaborate with others, including linking to and citing sources.

  • 7.W.10

    Write routinely overextended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.

8th Grade

  • 8.SL.5

    Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add interest.

  • 8.SL.6

    Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

  • 8.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • 8.L.6

    Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

  • 8.W.3

    Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.

  • 8.W.6

    Use technology, including the internet, to produce an publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas efficiently as well as to interact and collaborate with others.

  • 8.W.10

    Write routinely overextended time frames and shorter time frames.

Grades 9 and 10

  • 9.10.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • 9.10.L.3

    Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

  • 9.10.L.6

    Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

  • 9.10.W.2

    Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection organization and analysis of content.

  • 9.10.W.3

    Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.

  • 9.10.W.6

    Use technology, including the internet to produce, publish and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology’s capacity to link to other information and to display information flexibly and dynamically.

  • 9.10.W.10

    Write routinely overextended time frames and shorter time frames.

  • 9.10.ST.7

    Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form and translate information expressed visually or mathematically into words.

  • 9.10.HSS.4

    Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social science.

Grades 11 and 12

  • 11.12.SL.6

    Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating a command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

  • 11.12.L.1

    Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • 11.12.L.3

    Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

  • 11.12.L.4

    Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 11-12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

  • 11.12.L.6

    Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

  • 11.12.W.2

    Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization and analysis of content.

  • 11.12.W.3

    Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.

  • 11.12.W.6

    Use technology, including the internet to produce, publish and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology’s capacity to link to other information and to display information flexibly and dynamically.

  • 11.12.W.10

    Write routinely overextended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of tasks, purposes and audiences.

  • 11.12.ST.2

    Determine the central ideas of conclusions of a text, summarize complex concepts, processes or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms.

  • 11.12.ST.4

    Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.

  • 11.12.HSS.4

    Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including analyzing how an author uses and refines the meaning of a key term over the course of a text.